JURNAL BASIS 2023-04-19T16:20:45+00:00 Afriana, S.S., M.Pd. Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>BASIS: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Basis: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris</strong>&nbsp;(e-ISSN : 2527- 8835, p-ISSN : 2406 – 9809) in our webstite link is a peer-reviewed journal published biannually by English Literature department, Putera Batam University, Kepulauan Riau- Indonesia. The journal publishes research paper in the field of linguistics, literature, and language teaching, such as Feminist approach in literature, sociological approach ,Poscolonialism, Strucutralism, and post structuralism, Popular literature, fundamental of ELT, the sound of word of language, structure, meaning, language and gender, sociolinguistic, language philosophy, historical of linguistic, origin/evolution, experimental linguistics, phonology, syntax, endangered minority language, language and nature, communicative strategy of teaching, linguistic anthropology, psychology of language, field methods in linguistic, interactive of language teaching.&nbsp; This journal is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available access without any of charge. Everyone &nbsp;are allowed to read, download, copy, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.</p> EXPRESSIVE ACTS OF CHARACTERS’ UTTERANCES IN THE AFTERMATH MOVIE 2023-01-13T09:41:25+00:00 Hendra Hendra Ambalegin Ambalegin <p>The researchers conducted the descriptive qualitative research to analyze the expressive acts types. This research used The Aftermath 2019 movie as the data source and data were utterances that characters produced to show their emotions to the hearers. The researchers took the data by using observational method and note-taking. The researchers did not appear in the movie and data were collected by also writing down. In analyzing data, pragmatic identity method and pragmatic competence- in equalizing were used. It was analyzed with the theory of expressive acts by Searle and Vanderveken (1985). The result showed the characters said all expressive acts types. There were 59 data found in the utterances. One data of congratulate, 14 data of apologize, one data of welcome, 15 data of thank, 14 data of greet, seven data of complain, and seven data of compliment. Based on the result, thank was dominant because the characters commonly used this type to show their feelings. The characters frequently expressed gratitude because the speakers got good benefits from the listeners</p> 2023-04-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL BASIS THE USE OF SWEAR WORDS IN LIVE SPEED’S YOUTUBE VIDEO: “LOSE THE GAME, SHAVE YOUR EYEBROWS” 2023-01-13T09:30:54+00:00 lamsahatma Ambalegin Ambalegin <p>This descriptive qualitative research analyzed the swear words utteranced by Speed’s in his YouTube video: lose the game, shave your eyebrows. This research aimed to identify types of swear words based on context and which one the frequenly appears. The data source of the research took video from Live Speed’s YouTube channel who played FIFA game with a kid (30 may 2022). This research used observational methode with non-participatory technique for collecting the data. This research used the referential identity method with technique to analyze the data. Based on finding, there were five utterances types of swear words in Live Speed’s video. Those were 1 data of dysphemism, 3 data of idiomatically, 7 data of abusively, 4 data of emphatically, and 13 data of cathartically. The researchers made a conclusion that the cathartically of swearing is the most frequent utteranced by Speed and kid in his video. In other words, all types of swearing were pronounced to express the feeling to gain the attraction of the viewers without insulting anyone.</p> 2023-04-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL BASIS DEIXIS ANALYSIS OF MAIN CHARACTER IN RAYA THE LAST DRAGON 2021 MOVIE 2023-01-17T12:25:57+00:00 Anggi Dwi Arfala Norma Arfala Norma Ambalegin Ambalegin <p>The objective of this research was to figure out how deixis was used in the movie that released in 2021, entitle “Raya and the Last Dragon”. Additionally, this research was also concerned with the type of deixis. The researchers employed a qualitative descriptive research method in this research. The source of data for the research is the movie's main character. The data was gathered using an observational method and a note-taking technique. The pragmatic competence-in-equalizing were implemented to analyse the data. The results obtained from this research define the numerous types of deixis, such as personal deixis, place deixis, temporal deixis, social deixis, and discourse deixis by using Levinson's (1983) theory. According to the findings, the following types of deixis exist: person deixis, place deixis, time deixis, social deixis, and discourse deixis. Person deixis accounted for 11 data, place deixis accounted for 3, time deixis accounted for 1, social deixis accounted for 2, and discourse deixis accounted for 4. Thus, in the movie Raya and the Last Dragon, person deixis was determined to be the most prevalent type of deixis.</p> 2023-04-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL BASIS BERTOLT BRECHT'S DEUTSCHLAND POEM WHICH DESCRIBES THE INHUMANITIES OF THE HITTLER ERA'S LEADERSHIP 2023-02-08T02:08:45+00:00 Martina Girsang Andrini Aurellia Anggi Damanik Putri Yustika Tambunan Ruth Friska Silitonga Septriyuni Rumondang Tamba <p>Poetry (Gedich) is a literary work that belongs to the category of lyrics. Compared to other types of literary works such as epics and dramas, poetry has a more dense and beautiful language and the meaning in poetry is multi-interpreted. Each individual can have their own interpretation. The language used in poetry is also not everyday language. Tells about the struggle of the German people during the Nazi occupation, and the sadness of the German people who live with great difficulties. So this poem explains the condition of Hitler’s leadership which did not put humanity first, so that many died in the end and it was the nation’s best sons who were sacrificed for war with the condition that all access was limited. The creation of meaning in Deutschland poetry is caused by rhyme and enjambement. The rhyme in the poem is irregular, this illustrates that what is characteristic of beauty is not prioritized, but emphasizes the integrity of meaning. Apart from rhyme, Enjambement is also found in poetry.Germany is also hated by other countries due to Hitler’s actions. Initially Hitler’s decision to annex Austria (15 March 1938) and Czechoslovakia was still tolerated by other nations, but then the dispossession of Poland had precipitated the outbreak of World War II.</p> 2023-04-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL BASIS THE RADICAL FEMINISM IN NO EXIT'S PLAY BY JEAN PAUL SARTRE 2023-02-15T04:34:33+00:00 Martina Girsang Mega Patrisia Manalu Prity Cecilia Rainy Agria Agnes Rifkha Sinambela <p>This study analyses the non-normative feminism performed by the characters in a play entitled No Exit by Jean Paul Sartre. The concept of feminism is linked to the liberation of women from the control and dominance of men. On the other hand, non-stereotypical principles are the development of individuals. In this non-normative discussion, the author relates it to the realm of feminism and lesbianism which is part of radical feminist theory. The objective of the study is to identify the tendency of non-normative of the characters named Inès, and Estelle in the play. This study is a literary criticism using qualitative descriptive method. The results of the study showed that the two main female characters show non-normative feminism attitudes, including having a sexual orientation that slightly deviate from French society at that time, not wanting to be in a relationship with men, and also not wanting to give birth and become a mother. As the title No Exit reminds us, Inès and Estelle exhibit their true identities only in a world closed to the rest of society; even in this space they are always reprimanded. Thus, Sartre criticizes the lack of options for non-stereotypical women in French society, as well as the tendency to view these women as inherently ‘immoral’.</p> 2023-04-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL BASIS DOUBLENESS IDENTITY OF DIASPORA IN RANDA JARRAR’S HIM, ME, MUHAMMAD ALI 2023-04-15T06:35:54+00:00 Sari Fitria Lutfi Nur Hidayah Muhammad Jumhur Arrizqina Nur Dini Rahmadania <p>This study was purposed to reveal doubleness of cultural identity experienced by diaspora individuals in a short story written by Randa Jarrar, entitled <em>Him, Me, Muhammad Ali. </em>This story captured a life of diaspora who was not easy for a completely different culture between the homeland and the hostland. Jarrar depicted how being a Muslim living in a western country could be totally a mess for her cultural identity. To conduct this study, the method used was qualitative descriptive by collecting the data through reading the novels. Then, the certain quotations that relates to diaspora were analyzed by cultural identity and diaspora concept from Stuart Hall. This diaspora term refers to the character who owns two or more different culture in his life. The result of the analysis framed that being a diaspora living in a country with a completely different culture is complicated, especially to define the diaspora individual’s cultural of identity. The diaspora character was in the state of doubleness, which they could not completely belong to one culture. The character has culture in between his homeland (Muslim culture) and hostland (American culture). However, Jarrar depicts that there was a tendency for a culture to be more dominant than the other one.</p> 2023-04-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL BASIS CODE-SWITCHING AND CODE-MIXING ANALYSIS IN INDONESIAN SONGS LYRICS BY UN1TY 2023-04-17T06:38:01+00:00 Diyah Iis Andriani <p>This research analyzed the language codes used in the song lyrics of an Indonesian group called <em>Un1ty</em>. The purposes of this research were to identify the types of code-switching and code-mixing and the reasons for using the codes in the lyrics of the songs. This research used descriptive qualitative method and the data were analyzed using the theory of Hoffman (1991) to investigate the types of code switching and code mixing and to find the reasons of using the codes in the song lyrics. The results of this research indicated that there were 31 data points. For the type of code-switching, the researchers found that there were 21 data, namely 5 types of intra-sentential switching, 15 inter-sentential switching, and 1 tag switching. Meanwhile, there were 9 data for code-mixing, 8 for intra-sentential mixing and 1 for change pronunciations. Furthermore, for the reasons, there are 13 being empathic about something (express solidarity), 4 talking about particular topic, 1 expressing group identity, 8 intention of clarifying the speech content for interlocutors, 1 repetition used for clarification and 3 interjection (insert sentence fillers or sentence connectors).</p> 2023-05-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL BASIS THE UNIQUE OF SPEECH ACTS USED IN SONG LYRICS OF TAYLOR SWIFT IN THE THEME OF LIFE LESSONS 2022-09-15T01:18:27+00:00 Dila Maya Titian Gawa <p>Illocutionary act is performed by saying something and includes acts such as betting, promising, denying, stating, apologizing, threatening, predicting, ordering, and requesting. This study aimed to analyze the illocutionary act and function of the illocutionary act in the three-song lyric by Taylor Swift that has the same theme, that is life lessons. After the data is being collected, the data is analyzed based on the theory of illocutionary acts by Searle (1996) and the function of illocutionary acts by Leech (1983). The study shows that there are four categories of illocutionary acts found in the three songs by Taylor Swift. Those are representatives, directives, commisives and expressives. The representative act was found as the most dominant category of illocutionary act with 67 data (70,52%), followed by directives with 16 data (16,84%), commissions with 10 data (10,52%), and expressives with 2 data (2,1%). Moreover, there are four types of functions of illocutionary acts found in the song lyrics of Taylor Swift. There are Collaborative, conflictive, competitive, and convivial. Collaborative was the most dominant functions of illocutionary act with 16 data (69,56%) followed by conflictive with 5 data (21,73%), competitive with 1 data(4,34%) and convivial with 1 data (4,34%). Lastly, the speech act used in ELT has some implications for the students' skill.</p> 2023-05-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL BASIS STRUCTURAL SYNTACTIC ANALYSIS OF NOUN PHRASES IN INDONESIAN 2023-02-19T13:37:08+00:00 Vivi Novika Sitinjak Arya Alfines Surbakti Nelly Kristin Andrini Aurellia Anggi Damanik Arta Jelita Sitohang <p>Syntax is a part of linguistics that studies how words are combined into sentences and phrases. In this study, we focus on analyzing the syntax of noun phrases in Indonesian. We use the treebank analysis technique to identify the syntactic structure of noun phrases in Indonesian. Study results show that noun phrases in Indonesian have complex and varied syntactic structures and that the context and types of noun phrases play an important role in influencing the syntactic structure of noun phrases. These findings are important for understanding how noun phrases are formed and understood in Indonesian and how it affects language processing.</p> 2023-05-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL BASIS