JURNAL BASIS https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>BASIS: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Basis: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris</strong>&nbsp;(e-ISSN : 2527- 8835, p-ISSN : 2406 – 9809) in our webstite link http://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis) is a peer-reviewed journal published biannually by English Literature department, Putera Batam University, Kepulauan Riau- Indonesia. The journal publishes research paper in the field of linguistics, literature, and language teaching, such as Feminist approach in literature, sociological approach ,Poscolonialism, Strucutralism, and post structuralism, Popular literature, fundamental of ELT, the sound of word of language, structure, meaning, language and gender, sociolinguistic, language philosophy, historical of linguistic, origin/evolution, experimental linguistics, phonology, syntax, endangered minority language, language and nature, communicative strategy of teaching, linguistic anthropology, psychology of language, field methods in linguistic, interactive of language teaching.&nbsp; This journal is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available access without any of charge. Everyone &nbsp;are allowed to read, download, copy, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.</p> Universitas Putera Batam en-US JURNAL BASIS 2406-9809 <p><img src="/public/site/images/jurnalbasis/logo_basis.jpg" alt=""></p> ILLOCUTIONARY FORCE OF SLANG WORDS IN "RAMPAGE" 2018 MOVIE https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/6360 <p>Slang words can contain particular meanings that cannot be interpreted directly. To know and understand the meaning behind the utterances, EFL learners can employ illocutionary force by analyzing the native speakers' daily communication of slang words. Therefore, this qualitative research aimed to explore the types of slang words and the illocutionary force behind the utterances in the <em>Rampage </em>movie. The data were collected from the movie transcript and analyzed using document analysis to explore the types of slang words and the illocutionary force. The analysis results revealed that all types of slang words were discovered in the movie, and the most used type was imitative, which occurred 14 times. The illocutionary force that underlined the characters implementing the slang words was to show that the speakers have higher status than the interlocutor, understand what they need to do in certain situations, ask other people to do something, want to show their psychological state, and they want to give a promise. The results of this study would enrich EFL learners' knowledge of slang words in particular and their vocabulary items in general.</p> Ayu Ratri Ouda Teda Ena Barli Bram Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 2022-10-22 2022-10-22 9 2 121 132 10.33884/basisupb.v9i2.6360 SELF-DISCOVERY: PSYCHOANALYSIS OF THE FILM BOHEMIAN RHAPSODY (2018) https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5495 <p>This study focuses on the discussion of self-discovery and its depiction reflected in the film <em>Bohemian Rhapsody</em> (2018). This study is expected to be able to contribute in completing the theory in the fields of culture, literature, media, etc. and to enrich people’s knowledge of self-discovery. The objective of this library research is to identify the concept of self-discovery as well as to analyze the issue of self-discovery portrayed in the film. The primary data needed for analysis was acquired from dialogs along with the descriptions of film scenes. This study used Freud’s psychoanalytic approach to analyze the data. From the psychoanalysis point of view, the results of the study suggested that self-discovery is strongly related to one’s self - a person’s life journey to search for his true self or the life he wants. The results of analysis also showed that self-discovery was portrayed in the film through several images such as a unique style or physical appearance, loneliness and disclosure of sexual orientation.</p> Rudy Rudy Irvan Ricardo .N. Samosir Landa Kro Hutabarat Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 2022-10-22 2022-10-22 9 2 133 144 10.33884/basisupb.v9i2.5495 WOMAN STRUGGLES TO GET THE EQUALITY IN “MOTHER COURAGE AND HER CHILDREN” DRAMA BY BRECHT https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5658 <p>This research shows gender inequality in the drama <em>Mother Courage and Her Children</em>, feminism dominates the male role. With this domination Mother's courage lived in the nineteenth century, when patriarchal customs were still firmly held by the community. Women were still enslaved by male superior and the character of the Mother Courage opposes her domination by doing various struggles. This research uses feminist existentialism (Beauvoir S. , 1949) encourages women to step outside the boundaries and social circles that make them lose their freedom for themselves. This research is a qualitative research that produces descriptive data. This study uses content analysis techniques, starting with looking for similarities in data, combining them into a single unit in subchapters, critical and evaluative studies with the help of Beauvoir's social theory. The researcher's findings regarding the movements described in the play "Mother Courage and Her children" are as follows: In the study of women's struggles, Simone de Beauvoir's theory is highly valued because women are involved in various struggles in an effort to overcome themselves. The result show women can improve themselves in the face of gender inequality that is driven by men. This shows when women struggle to prove that women are capable of working, intellectually capable, capable of being fearless women and also able to resist public policies.</p> Juita Simamora Robby Satria Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 2022-10-22 2022-10-22 9 2 145 156 10.33884/basisupb.v9i2.5658 EVALUATIVE LANGUAGE FEATURES ON HOAX RELATED TO METH DRUGS IN DEALING WITH COVID 19 VIRUS https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5607 <p>Hoax news related to Covid 19 pandemic was spread in the US. In some cases, it is rather difficult to differentiate between real and fake news. Therefore, this study has an aim to analyse the evaluative features of online news using appraisal theory on the attitude subsystem. The appraising items focused on attitude division in the Huzlers about Corona Virus published in 2020 as the fake news and NBC news in 2012 as the real news regarding to the use of Meth to deal with Flu virus. Both news are American Media and were published online. This main purpose of this research is to explain the realization of fake and real news with the similar topics. The data used in this study was taken from Huzlers and NBC news and was collected in three steps: comparing, intensive reading, and transcribing. Moreover, the data were analysed into three steps: classifying, categorizing and analysing using Attitude theory which is one of appraisal theory aspects in SFL discourse semantics (Martin, J. R., &amp; Rose 2007, Martin &amp; White 2005, Martin 2019). The results of this study found that both news, real and fake news are dominated by appreciation. However, in fake news there is a tendency that the positive polarity is used to favour meth drugs, meanwhile in real news, it shows the polarity in balance. In addition, in fake news, there is also a tendency to use judgment to appraise the people involved in the meth drugs research. </p> Anleny Situmeang Muhammad Hafiz Kurniawan Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 2022-10-22 2022-10-22 9 2 157 170 10.33884/basisupb.v9i2.5607 ERROR ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH TO INDONESIA SUBTITLE IN THE WAY WAY BACK MOVIE https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5884 <p>This research aims to find the error analysis that can be found in The Way, Way Back (2013) movie. The source data was taken from English to Indonesian subtitles. Based on Carl James theory (2008) there are substance error, text error, grammar error and lexical error. There are also two causes of errors: interlingual and intralingual. This research used a descriptive qualitative method. Error analysis occurs because lack of vocabulary, words, and structure. To finished this study, the researcher watched the movie, gather the data and pick which word that had error analysis. Based on the data analysis there were lexical errors and text error that found in 100 data, which consist 44 lexical errors (44%) 56 text errors (56%) 3 grammar errors (3%) and 1 substance errors (1%). The cause of error, 64 interlingual (64%) and 36 intralingual (36%)</p> Dyansyah Aldinata Evert Haryanto Hilman Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 2022-10-22 2022-10-22 9 2 171 180 10.33884/basisupb.v9i2.5884 ENGLISH TEACHERS’ CHALLENGES AND STRATEGIES IN ONLINE LEARNING PROCESS DURING COVID-19 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5600 <p>This research is conducted because of Covid-19 that has been going on for almost 2 years and it affect to the teaching learning process at SMA Negeri 1 Siborongborong. The objective of research is to know and describe challenges and strategies faced by English teacher in online learning (OL) as long as pandemic. In this research, the research used qualitative research. The source of data came from 3 English teachers at SMA Negeri 1 Siborongborong. The technique that used to collect data by using questionnaire. The data was analysed by using Miles and Huberman model. Three stages were used in analysing data, namely data reduction, displaying data and drawing conclusion/verification. The result of the research showed that teachers’ undergone several challenges at SMA Negeri 1 Siborongborong, namely; (1) uneven network, (2) limited facility, (3) student learning lost, (4) Students were not so serious to the lesson and (5) willing to explain the explanation two or three times. whereas, teacher’s strategies were used English teacher in SMA Negeri 1 Siborongborong during OL were; (1) Teacher did not force the students to have too much (2) Limiting the material and homework (3) motivating and supporting the students (4) Inviting student to joke so they don’t get bored right away (5) Trying to present interesting learning process for students. So, it can be concluded that network affects to the students’ ability in understanding the material in the classroom.</p> Eva Fitri Y Siregar Nurhayati Sitorus Febrika Dwi Lestari Tamara Oktapiani Sulastri Pakpahan Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 2022-10-22 2022-10-22 9 2 181 192 10.33884/basisupb.v9i2.5600 CODE SWITCHING FOUND IN RESEARCHERS’ WHATSAPP GROUP “SITADEWIKU”: HOW DOES CODE SWITCHING OCCUR? https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/6364 <p>This study focuses on the analysis of code-switching of Universitas Mahasaraswati Denpasar’s Synergy of Bird Conservation with Customary Village Community to Promote Demulih Bangli as a Green and Harmonious Virtual Educational Tourism or in <em>Indonesian is Sinergi Konservasi Burung Bersama Desa Adat dalam Mempromosikan Bukit Demulih Bangli sebagai Kawasan Wisata Edukasi</em> <em>Virtual</em> <em>yang Hijau dan Berkicau</em> (henceforth <em>SITADEWIKU)</em> researchers. This study aimed at identifying the types and the function of code-switching on the Universitas Mahasaraswati Denpasar’s researchers WhatsApp group. It was found that 15 text messages show code-switching. The descriptive qualitative method was applied in this research. The types of code switching were analyzed using Romaine's ( 1995))theory, and the function of code-switching was analyzed using the theory of there were three types of code-switching found by the researchers: tag-switching, inter-sentential, and the last one is intra-sentential. The results showed that from 15 data texts the majority of the data used by the members of the research was intra-sentential switching. In terms of function, based on the theory used there were six functions of code-switching from the data above, namely referential function, directive function, expressive function, phatic function, metalinguistic function, and poetic function. The expressive function is the most commonly used function of code-switching found. </p> Putu Artiasih I Gusti Agung Sri Rwa Jayantini Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 2022-10-22 2022-10-22 9 2 193 203 10.33884/basisupb.v9i2.6364 THE REFLECTION OF SOCIAL CLASS CONFLICT IN “THE NOTEBOOK” NOVEL BY SPARKS https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5775 <p>This thesis is an analysis of the novel entitled "The Notebook" by Nicholas Sparks. This novel talks about social class conflicts that occur in the United States. Where two suitors from different classes compete for the one woman they love. This thesis uses a sociological approach and analyzes the distribution of social class in this novel and the social class conflicts that occur in this novel. In this thesis, the writer uses sociology of literature theory and social class theory to analyze the novel. The method used in writing this thesis is a qualitative descriptive method. This class difference is created because of the existence of social class groups, where they classify their social class, namely the upper class and the middle class. Where the upper class does not want to accept the middle class into their class. Differences in social class are measured by power or wealth, privileges and prestige that affect the position, lifestyle, habits and behavior between the upper and middle classes so that the gap between the two classes is so striking. The conflict that occurs is the gap in social status in life or family relationships. This gap affects the thinking of upper families who cannot accept any class group lower than them to enter their family. The theory used is the theory of sociology with experts Max Weber and Karl Max.</p> Manuela Indriati Siahaan Robby Satria Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 2022-10-22 2022-10-22 9 2 204 212 10.33884/basisupb.v9i2.5775 CATEGORY SHIFTS AND ITS QUALITY IN “TO ALL THE BOYS: ALWAYS AND FOREVER” MOVIE SUBTITLES https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/6240 <p>This research aimed to analyze Category shifts; Structure-shift, Class-shift, Unit shift, and Intra-system by Catford (1965) in female-lead utterances in To All The Boys: Always and Forever (2021) movie subtitles, to identify the most dominant shift and the quality of translation used quality assessment of translation theory by Nababan (2012). The descriptive-qualitative method is applied to analyze the data. The data was obtained by the English and Indonesian subtitles. The analysis identified 317 shifts in the data which were then divided according to 4 types of Category shifts. The results showed all of the Category shits were found in the data with the unit shift as the most dominant category shift with a total of 165 data (52%), structure shift with 64 data (20%), intra-system shift with 51 (16%), and the less dominant data is class shift with 37 data (12%). The quality assessment of translations pointed out that 7 data were scored as less accurate. and 1 data each for inaccurate, inacceptable, and unreadable. The data remains were high-scale accuracy, acceptancy, and readability. These results indicated that the occurrence of category shifts is important to achieve naturalness in translation.</p> Renna Riskita Zuhron Zuhron Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 2022-10-22 2022-10-22 9 2 213 222 10.33884/basisupb.v9i2.6240 DECONSTRUCTION OF DEATH IN ALFRED LORD TENNYSON’S IN MEMORIAM https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5626 <p>This study discusses the deconstruction of death in “In Memoriam” written by Alfred Lord Tennyson. This study tries to challenge the centralized meaning of the book of poetry “In Memoriam”, death is a scary experience for human. The author uses the deconstruction theory developed by Derrida. This deconstruction theory tries to replace the centralized-meaning contained in a literary work. There are three stages to apply the theory of deconstruction in this research. The stages are the reconstruction stage, the deconstruction stage, and the reinscription stage. The method used in this research is a qualitative method. The data that has been found comes from quotation in the poetry book "In Memoriam". The result of the deconstruction reading is the discovery of "another meaning", the author finds death is the beginning of immortality. This "another meaning" succeeded in refuting the position of centralized meaning in "In Memoriam".</p> Ridho Pratama Satria Silvia Rosa Rima Devi Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 2022-10-22 2022-10-22 9 2 223 234 10.33884/basisupb.v9i2.5626 PRAGMATICS ANALYSIS OF COMMIT EXPRESSION ACTED BY CHARACTERS IN “FRACTURED” MOVIE https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5564 <p>This research analyzed the types of commissive act in a thrilled movie entitled “Fractured”. The data were commissive acts utterances in the movie. The data were observed by using observational and non-participatory technique. Therefore, the researchers watched the movie to get data. The researchers used pragmatics identity method and competence in equalizing to analyze the data. The researchers equalized the data with types of commissive acts theory proposed by Searle and Vanderveken (1985). The findings discovered 15 utterances showed commissive acts in the movie. Threaten had 1 data, accept had 2 data, promise had 6 data, refuse had 3 data, and offer had 3 data. The commissive acts of promise was found to be the most dominant type because all characters commonly promised to take action in the future to other characters in “Fractured” movie. Also, the type became the dominant because most of the speakers had the intention to do action that brought benefits for the hearers. </p> Rintauli Sihotang Ambalegin Ambalegin Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 2022-10-22 2022-10-22 9 2 235 246 10.33884/basisupb.v9i2.5564 MISOGYNY IN MARGARET ATWOOD’S SURFACING https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5529 <p>The aimed of this study is to show misogyny exposed by male character in Margaret Atwood’s <em>Surfacing. </em> Margaret Atwood unveils patriarchal practice in a seemingly perfect marriage. <em>Surfacing</em> tells the story of the wife who lives under the pressure of her husband. Using feminist literary approach, this novel is scrutinized by applying close reading method. The source of data for this study is <em>Surfacing</em> the novel, book reviews, and articles written by and about author of the book. This is a textual study, in collecting the data, the researchers applied the data gathered in the form of words, phrase and sentence Some steps are taken in collecting the data, the first step is reading and understanding the theme, character, and the backdrop of the story. The next step is Identifying the words, quotations, and dialogs relating to the theme. The data are analyzed descriptively. Based on the analysis, misogyny exposed in this novel is embedded in a culture and internalized the customs. The inferior position of woman is a result of male domination in all aspects of life. It is concluded that woman is oppressed economically, traditionally and ideologically. Patriarchal ideology exposed in this novel shows that wife/woman is like goods that which can be treated according to the wishes of the husband/owner.</p> Tri Pramesti Mateus Rudi Supsiadji Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 2022-10-22 2022-10-22 9 2 247 256 10.33884/basisupb.v9i2.5529 THE TYPES OF EUPHEMISM USED IN THE HEADLINE NEWS BY TEMPO.CO 2022 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/6118 <p>Euphemism can be said as a style of language that becomes a better communication tool and avoids important actions or things that are sensitive. The use of euphemisms is used in communication to provide information or messages that usually contain taboos that are meaningful in words, phrases or sentences that contain euphemistic expressions. This study aimed to provide an insight into the strategy of using euphemisms in order to prioritize politeness when speaking in a general context or situation so that it can be understood by the entire community The data is taken from news headlines tempo.co from March to July 2022. In this study, researchers analyzed the euphemisms that emerged from news headlines Tempo.co. Usually euphemisms are things that often appear in news media, advertising media, and also on social media which are currently widely used by people and youth. The researcher focused on classifying euphemisms based on their types, namely positive and negative euphemisms and then analyzes the meaning behind euphemisms in the Tempo.co headlines. The researcher made this research using the euphemism theory of Allan &amp; Burridge (2020). The researcher used a qualitative descriptive method to describe euphemisms. In the results of this study, the researcher found 15 data which contained types of euphemisms based on their type such as analogy and distortion of euphemisms based on their type.</p> Try Putera Nusri Zia Hisni Mubarak Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 2022-10-22 2022-10-22 9 2 257 268 10.33884/basisupb.v9i2.6118 TECHNIQUES OF TRANSLATION OF CULTURAL WORDS AND ITS QUALITY IN THE MIDNIGHT LIBRARY NOVEL https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/6238 <p>This research analyzed the translation of cultural words in The Midnight Library novel. The purpose of this research is to find out the cultural words based on Newmark’s theory (1988). Which translation technique is used to translate the cultural words according to the theory of Molina and Albir (2002). Quality assessment of cultural words by using the theory Nababan (2013). This analysis used a qualitative descriptive approach to considering data of words and phrases contained in the novel. In this study, researchers used some techniques to collect and analyze data. The result showed that there were 5 types of cultural words in the novel, which were; ecology (28%), material culture (46%), social culture (8%), social organization and customs (8%) and gestures and habits (10%). There are 9 out of 18 translation techniques applied to cultural words; borrowing (38%), amplification (10%), adaptation (6%), generalization (4%), particularization (4%), established equivalent (26%), descriptive (2%), reduction (6%), and variation (4%). The cultural words included in the translation do not affect the quality of the translation. Therefore, the translation of the cultural words is of decent quality; the translation is accurate, acceptable and readable in the target language.</p> Ulfiyatuzzuhriyyah Yatuzzuhriyyah Evert Haryanto Hilman Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 2022-10-22 2022-10-22 9 2 269 278 10.33884/basisupb.v9i2.6238 REPRESENTATION OF FAMILY GENDER ROLES IN “BIG LITTLE LIES” NOVEL BY LIANE MORIARTY https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5557 <p>This research describes family gender roles in <em>Big Little Lies </em>novel. Gender roles discussion has been important to see how social creates expectation or standard that men and women should behave. Society gives appropriate role to appropriate gender. In order to describe this phenomenon in the novel, the researcher used Eagly’s social role theory with feminist approach. The research is designed with qualitative approach. In collecting and analyzing the data, the research applied method of documentation and content analysis. The result showed that there are two kinds of gender roles in family domain in the novel; the breadwinner and the homemaker. Mainly, women were expected to be the homemaker whereas men were expected to be the breadwinner. The expectation came from the typical activity of men and women in the novel’s environment. However, the research also found that agentic women like Madeline, Renata, and Jackie, they could participate in the role of the breadwinner. Communal men like Ed, Jonathan, and Stu, they could participate in the role of homemaker. The research concluded that the novel’s society did not project the typical gender roles strictly because husbands and wives in the novel are allowed to shift roles.</p> Veren Angelina Tomi Arianto Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 2022-10-22 2022-10-22 9 2 279 290 10.33884/basisupb.v9i2.5557 THE REPRESENTATION OF GENDER BIAS IN CHILDREN’S LITERATURE KINGDOM TALE COLLECTIONS https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/6367 <p>The importance of addressing the continuance of gender bias in children's literature cannot be overstated.Considering that children, as the intended audience of children's literature, should be agents of change in society, particularly with relation to gender roles equality.The issue addressed in this study is how women are portrayed in Arleen A. <em>Kingdom Tale Collections</em>, a collection of children's books authored by a woman.The purpose of this paper is to describe and explain the gender bias towards female and male characters in <em>Kingdom Tale Collections</em>.This literary work is created by a woman and will discuss the description of the status and role of women; therefore, feminist literary criticism will be employed as the guiding theory and methodology. This descriptive qualitative research approach obtains its data with a focus on feminism literary critique in the study of literature.The results of this study pertain to the portrayal of gender bias faced by the main female character, including the notion that a woman must be beautiful despite her mental and physical weakness, whereas a guy with a strong body is autonomous and intellectual.Second, the woman must be able to cook and sew for her family, but she cannot pursue a job that is substantially distinct from the male characters. Third, a virtuous woman is shown as possessing a weak and timid disposition. This study concludes that there is still a gender bias in the form of women's domestication as a manifestation of traditional gender norms.</p> Atiq Aqiqoqul Hasanah Atqi Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 2022-10-22 2022-10-22 9 2 291 302 10.33884/basisupb.v9i2.6367 THE ANXIETY THAT CONVEYING TRAGEDY IN OTHELLO DRAMA BY SHAKESPEARE https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/6421 <p>Humans are always in touch with the needs in this life. In order to survive, one of the most important examples is the need for safety needs. The phenomenal drama Othello by Shakespeare was chosen as the main data source in this research. This research aimed to analyze the unfulfilled of safety needs in the form of anxiety and its impact on the main character in Shakespeare's drama "Othello". This drama was set in 1603 with a tragedy and was written by the world-famous playwright William Shakespeare. The story that ended in tragedy is inseparable from the anxiety used by others to overthrow power and the Othello family. With these problems, the researchers explored the anxiety factor by using Maslow's psychological theory about the hierarchy of needs, especially at the level of safety needs. This research used qualitative descriptive method because the data collection technique used is to describe the analysis through words and sentences that exist in the data source. The approach used in this research was psychological approach in a literary work. The results found from this research that there is an anxiety factor that underlie Othello's feeling that he is always threatened. Jealousy is a factor that causes anxiety in the character "Othello" which focused on household relationships. This excessive anxiety then causes impacts in the form of misunderstanding, the death of Othello's wife, and Othello's suicide.</p> Puja Maharani Tomi Arianto Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 2022-10-22 2022-10-22 9 2 303 312 10.33884/basisupb.v9i2.6421 THE RELATIONSHIP AMONG READING INTEREST, GRAMMAR KNOWLEDGE, AND READING COMPREHENSION OF NARRATIVE TEXT https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/6374 <p>Reading is a gate for grasping any insight of knowledge and science. The objective of the research was accepted to report the relationship among reading interest, grammar knowledge, and reading comprehension of narrative text. It was conducted to the tenth-grade students of State Islamic senior high school in State Islamic Senior High School 3 Pandeglang. The methodology applied was a quantitative and used a simple random sampling technique. Three instruments were used to obtain the data such as a questionnaire, grammar test and narrative test. The results of the study found that (1) there was a positive relationship between reading interest and reading comprehension in narrative text with the correlation value of 0.933, (2) there was a positive relationship between grammar knowledge and reading comprehension in narrative text with the correlation value 0.433, (3) there was a simultaneous relationship between reading interest and grammar knowledge to reading comprehension in narrative text with the correlation value 0.884. Therefore, it can be concluded that reading comprehension in the narrative text is contributed by students’ reading interest and grammar knowledge.</p> Sahril Mujani Ahmad Sofyan Fahriany Fahriany Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 2022-10-22 2022-10-22 9 2 313 324 10.33884/basisupb.v9i2.6374 SEMIOTIC ANALYSIS ON KIMETSU NO YAIBA MOVIE POSTERS https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/6393 <p>This research is aimed to explain the types of semiotic signs and symbols, the denotations and connotations meaning of signs and symbols found in the posters on <em>Kimetsu no Yaiba</em>. The researchers use the descriptive qualitative method to identify, analyze, and explain the signs and symbols in <em>Kimetsu no Yaiba the movie</em> posters. The theory used by the researchers in carrying out this research is the theory of Dyer (2009) to analyze the types of semiotic signs and symbols. In addition, Barthes’ theory (1983) is used to analyze the denotation and connotation meaning. The data in the analysis chapter are taken from pictures, words, expressions, and colors in four posters on <em>Kimetsu no Yaiba the Movie</em>. The results of this research show that there are 26 symbols consisting of both verbal and visual signs, each of which is viewed from the meaning of denotation and connotation. Further, after translating the symbols and signs using the theory of Dyer (2009) and Barthes (1983), it is found that the meanings revealed give a teaser or clue about the story which tells about the journey in carrying out missions. </p> Diyah Iis Andriani Dewi Yuli Anti Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 2022-10-22 2022-10-22 9 2 325 338 10.33884/basisupb.v9i2.6393 STUDENT PERCEPTIONS ON PARTS OF SPEECH AFTER TAKING INTEGRATED ENGLISH https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/6349 <p>This article discussed about perception students on parts of speech after taking Integrated English. The purpose of this research is to know the student’s perception about Parts of Speech such as noun, pronoun, verbs, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction and interjection. Problems is students still confuse to put words of parts of speech in a sentence, so the researcher wanted to know what is students’ perceptions on Parts of Speech after taking Integrated English. The method of this study is qualitative research which data was obtained with taking a note from WhatsApp. Michael Patton and Michael Cohran (2002,3) in Sihatul, M (2020) Qualitative research is characteristic by it is aim, which relate to understanding some aspects of social life, and it is methods which (in general) generate words, rather that numbers, as data for analysis. Based on the result of the research, the researchers found the students perception on the parts of speech; First, from ten students as taken data only five students got felt difficult to learn Parts of speech; Second, the students’ perception about Parts of Speech are Positive.</p> Sjafty Nursitti NP Maili Dewi Mutiara Indah Ayu Endang Sondari Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 2022-10-22 2022-10-22 9 2 339 344 10.33884/basisupb.v9i2.6349 CODE MIXING ANALYSIS IN DIVORTIARE NOVEL https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5512 <p>This research aimed to analyze the usage of code mixing in <em>Divortiare</em> novel that was written by Ika Natasssa. The objective of this research is to find out the type of code mixing that is used in <em>Divortiare</em> Novel. This study is a qualitative research. The technique of collecting data was done by using documentary technique. The odd number chapters in <em>Divortiare</em> novel are used as the data of this study. The data were analyzed by using Miles and Hubberman model. The findings of this study show that there are three types of code mixing used namely: insertion, congruent lexicalization and alternation. The result of this study showed that insertion was used 71,75%; congruent lexicalization was used 21,08% and alternation was used 7,17%. Based on the result of this study, it shows that the most dominant type of code mixing used in <em>Divortiare</em> novel is insertion. So, it can be concluded that the writer of the novel use insertion most dominantly cause discuss about particular topic, being emphatic about something and expressing group identity.</p> Hiace Vega Fernando Siahaan Andi Jaihutan Silitonga Citra Karina Purba Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 2022-10-29 2022-10-29 9 2 345 353 10.33884/basisupb.v9i2.5512