JURNAL BASIS https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>BASIS: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Basis: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris</strong>&nbsp;(e-ISSN : 2527- 8835, p-ISSN : 2406 – 9809) in our webstite link http://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis) is a peer-reviewed journal published biannually by English Literature department, Putera Batam University, Kepulauan Riau- Indonesia. The journal publishes research paper in the field of linguistics, literature, and language teaching, such as Feminist approach in literature, sociological approach ,Poscolonialism, Strucutralism, and post structuralism, Popular literature, fundamental of ELT, the sound of word of language, structure, meaning, language and gender, sociolinguistic, language philosophy, historical of linguistic, origin/evolution, experimental linguistics, phonology, syntax, endangered minority language, language and nature, communicative strategy of teaching, linguistic anthropology, psychology of language, field methods in linguistic, interactive of language teaching.&nbsp; This journal is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available access without any of charge. Everyone &nbsp;are allowed to read, download, copy, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.</p> en-US <p><img src="/public/site/images/jurnalbasis/logo_basis.jpg" alt=""></p> Tomi.arianto@puterabatam.ac.id (Tomi Arianto, S.S., M.A.) Zia.Hisni@puterabatam.ac.id (Zia Hisni Mubarak, S.Pd.,M.Pd) Wed, 27 Apr 2022 22:24:17 +0000 OJS 3.2.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 THE MODEL OF PROJECT-BASED AND COGNITIVE COMPETENCIES-INFUSED LEARNING IN THE GRAMMAR CLASS OF ELESP https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4619 <p>Model of learning is a guideline that teachers will use to let their teaching more comprehensive and practical to facilitate the achievement of the learning goal. A dynamic approach suited to teaching in which students explore real-world problems and challenges, simultaneously developing 21st-century skills while working in small collaborative groups is Project-Based Learning. The purpose of the study is to analyze the used model of Project-Based and Cognitive competencies-infused learning in the grammar class of English Language Education Study Program. This study employed a qualitative design where the data are the components of the existing models of learning in grammar classes of English Language Education Study Program. Besides, online class observation and grammar class syllabus documents are used as instruments. The findings of analysis revealed that Methods that generally used in the online class observation are <em>Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI), Scaffolding, Reciprocal method, Cooperative Learning</em> while mostly used <em>Lecturing, General Discussion, and Presentation</em> to delivering material. The indicator that could be seen in syllabus document and class observations was <em>Critical Thinking</em> from Cognitive competences indicators. The Project-Based Learning indicators could also be seen directly from syllabus documents and online class observations. <em>Intellectual Challenge and Accomplishment </em>was mostly dominated seen in the model<strong>.</strong></p> Annisa Oktavyana, Siti Drivoka Sulistyaningrum, Ratna Dewanti Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4619 Wed, 27 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 DESIGNING ICT COMPETENCES-INTEGRATED WRITING MODELS OF TEACHING FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE STUDY PROGRAM https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4589 <p>Regarding the requirement of incorporating ICT competences into the teaching and learning process, the aim of this research is to design Models of Teaching for Writing Courses that have infused ICT competences into its teaching and learning activities. R&amp;D was used and adapted from Richey and Klein's concept, with four stages of research including Need Analysis, Design Preliminary Product, Evaluation, and Revision. Literature study and observation were required during the design of ICT competences-integrated teaching models. The findings revealed that integrating ICT competences into existing teaching models was as knowledge deepening as the dominant ICT competences level in which students performed the ability to manage information and used open-ended software tools to access information, deliver the material, and collaborate with peers. Meanwhile, Kilbane and Milman's integrative teaching models were modified, and ICT was incorporated into the design of the Teaching Model for the Writing Course, which was reflected as a prototype lesson plan outlined in paragraphs.</p> De Lara Siti Maulida, Andang Saehu Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4589 Wed, 27 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 WOMAN'S MYTH INFLUENCE IN TOURISM OBJECTS NAME IN PULAU BANGKA: AN ECOFEMINISM STUDY https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4665 <p>Since there were many stories told by the society related to the name of the tourism places, the researchers were interested to find out the story behind the name of the tourism places in Belinyu, Central Bangka called, Pulau Putri. This research mainly focused on finding what kind of myth existed in Pulau Putri and discovered how the myth protected the environment. The study employed two major theories namely Myth by Levi Strauss and ecofeminism by Jamie Thompson to shape the understanding of this research. The methodology employed in this research was the qualitative method. From the data collected through interviews with locals, the results showed that there was a myth told by the ancestors living around the area about a woman spirit. Furthermore, the existence of the spirit hence became the protection for preserving nature and also the environment. Moreover, not only did myth name the tourism places, but it also helped or became the symbol of protection of the environment<strong>.</strong></p> Dian Fitri, Dini Wulansari, Sandy Ferianda Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4665 Wed, 27 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 FLOUTING MAXIMS IN “FANTASTIC BEASTS: AND WHERE TO FIND THEM” MOVIE https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4590 <p>This descriptive qualitative research purposed at finding the types of flouting maxims uttered by the characters in Fantastic Beasts: and Where to Find Them movie. The data were taken from the utterances contained flouting maxims in the movie. The cooperative principle theory by (Grice, 1975) conducted for analyzing the types of flouting maxims. Observational method and non-participatory technique implemented for collecting the data. Furthermore, pragmatic identity method and pragmatic competence- in equalizing technique employed for analyzing the data. The findings revealed that there were 15 utterances contained flouting maxims uttered by the characters in the movie. There were 9 data of flouting maxim of quantity, 1 data of flouting maxim of relation, 4 data of flouting maxim of relation, and 1 data of flouting maxim of manner. &nbsp;Flouting maxim of quantity became the most uttered because the characters frequently flouted the maxim of quantity in the movie.</p> Erdayani Erdayani, Ambalegin Ambalegin Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4590 Wed, 27 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 AN ANALYSIS OF TEACHERS’ BELIEF IN TEACHING ENGLISH TO YOUNG LEARNERS https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4534 <p>This study was aimed at revealing teachers' beliefs about teaching English at the elementary school level, especially the beliefs concerned with (1) whether or not teaching English at the elementary level was necessary and (2) the possibility of using a monolingual approach (full English) in teaching English at the elementary level. This study used a qualitative method in which the researcher interviewed 40 English teachers who taught at elementary schools in Jabodetabek (Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, Bekasi). The results of this study showed that in general, there was a need to teach English starting from the first grade of elementary level. Respondents believed that the earlier students were introduced to English, the better the results would be, considering the fact that first-grade students were still inside the golden age period. However, in order not to burden students, teachers must pay attention to the students’ abilities and characteristics. Moreover, respondents also believed that implementing monolingual (full-English) in classroom teachings was possible. To have successful monolingual teachings, it was recommended that classroom teachings resemble the process of first language acquisition. Furthermore, teachers should pay attention to the linguistic input they gave to students in such a way that it met the formulation of i+1. Finally, a fun learning atmosphere that is free from fear or stressful situation also played an important role in the successful implementation of this monolingual approach. </p> Nita Kaniadewi Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4534 Wed, 27 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 CODE-SWITCHING USED BY CHEF JUNA ON DEDDY CORBUZIER PODCAST https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4535 <p>The phenomenon of code-switching these days can be found easily on social media, such as Instagram, Whatsapp, Facebook, Twitter, TikTok, YouTube, and so on. The purpose of this research was to analyze the types of code-switching on the YouTube platform, especially in the Deddy Corbuzier Podcast video that invited Chef Juna as a guest. This research was a descriptive qualitative to study a sociolinguistic phenomenon. The observational method and non-participatory technique were used for collecting the data. The types of code-switching were analyzed using the theory explained by Poplack. The researchers found there were three types of code-switching: tag-switching, inter-sentential code-switching, and intra-sentential code-switching. The result showed the most common type of conversation which can be found in the Deddy Corbuzier Podcast was inter-sentential code-switching. Based on the result, it can be concluded the used of code-switching between the presenter and the guest showed intelligence by using more than one language during communication.</p> Rahmi Sri Muliana, Zia Hisni Mubarak Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4535 Wed, 27 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 TRANSLATION METHODS AND QUALITY OF IDIOMATIC EXPRESSION IN MY SISTER’S KEEPER MOVIE https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5428 <p>This research analyzed idiomatic expressions in <em>My Sister’s Keeper movie</em> based on Newmark’s theory. This research aimed to identify the types of translation methods in translating idiomatic expression and the quality of translation based on Nababan’s theory used in translating idiomatic expression found in <em>My Sister’s Keeper</em> movie. This research used descriptive qualitative method. The data were collected through documentation because the data were taken from the dialogues of the transcript in <em>My Sister’s Keeper</em> movie. The result of this research showed that there were 109 data which contain types of translation methods applied in idiomatic expressions, which were; word-for-word translation with 14 data (13%), literal translation with 18 data (16%), faithful translation with 9 data (8%), semantic translation with 12 data (11%), adaptation translation with 5 data (5%), free translation with 3 data (3%), idiomatic translation with 29 data (27%), and communicative translation with 19 data (17%). Afterward, the raters indicated the result of the translation quality assessment showed that 12 data were scored less accurate and 4 less acceptable, all in all, other data showed a high-level accuracy, acceptability, and readability. The most frequently types of translation method were idiomatic translation because idiomatic translation more commonly used in idiomatic expression which to distorted nuances of meaning by preferring colloquialisms.</p> Rizki Nugroho Wijaksono, Evert Haryanto Hilman, Ahmad Mustolih Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5428 Wed, 27 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE DECLARATIVE ILLOCUTIONARY ACTS UTTERED IN “CRUELLA” MOVIE https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4606 <p>This research aimed at finding out the types of declarative illocutionary acts in the “Cruella” movie. The utterances of the characters were taken to be data of this research. It was analyzed by applying the types of declarative. The method of collecting the data was the observational method and non-participatory technique. In analyzing the data, the researchers used the pragmatic identity method and pragmatic competence- in equalizing. The results found out that there were 15 utterances of declarative acts uttered in “Cruella” movie. There were 15 declarative illocutionary acts uttered in the movie. The characters uttered declarative acts of a sentence, excommunicate, approve, and fire. There were some data in the movie, namely one data of sentence, four data of excommunicate, seven data of approve and three data of fire. It was found that the dominant type was the declarative act of approve. It became as dominant type because there were many utterances that needed to be approved by the speaker.</p> Febrina Sanjo Pulungan, Ambalegin Ambalegin Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4606 Wed, 27 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 SOCIAL ACTOR DOMINATION IN TAGAR.ID’S MINANGKABAU LANGUAGE GOSPEL APPLICATION NEWS https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4574 <p>This study aims to describe the dominance of social actor contained in the <em>Tagar. Id's</em> Minangkabau language Gospel application news. The researcher uses van Dijk's view in showing the relationship between social cognition and social actor in mass media's news. The researcher also uses Fairclough's socio-cultural approach in offering the relationship of discourse observed and socio-cultural perspective in the report. Thus, the researcher applies a qualitative approach with van Dijk's socio-cognitive and Fairclough's socio-cultural approach as an analytical knife. The study result indicates the person scheme and event scheme domination in the <em>Tagar. Id's</em> Minangkabau language Gospel application news. The two schemes play an essential role in describing Irwan Prayitno's figure as West Sumatera Governor through the Minangkabau socio-cultural reality. In van Dijk's point of view, social cognition is a form of effort in examining an event or events based on the characters' involvement in the news text. The figure of Irwan Prayitno as the governor of West Sumatra becomes a particular interpretation process for <em>Tagar. Id</em> journalist in producing news by analyzing the leadership form of Irwan Prayitno and the event that happened in Minangkabau community as details of Irwan Prayitno's profile, the socio-cultural reality of the Minangkabau community, and the reasons for rejecting the Minangkabau language Gospel application.</p> Saiyidinal Firdaus Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4574 Wed, 27 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 CATEGORY SHIFT USED IN NOUN PRHASE AND ITS QUALITY IN THE NOVEL DIVERGENT https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5430 <p>The aims of this research were to find the type of category shift, and quality assessment of noun phrase translation in the novel Divergent. Based on theory Catford (1965). Also, theory Nababan (2012) for quality assessment. This research used a descriptive–qualitative method. To achieve the aims of this study, the researcher used some techniques to analyze the data such as reading and collecting data, underlining the type of category shift in the text of the novel, categorizing types of translation shift, assessing translation accuracy, assessing translation readability and acceptability. Based on the data analysis, it was found that 92% of the data were accurate because the category shift of noun phrase in the target language has equivalent meaning with the source language; 6% of the data were less accurate because the category shift of noun phrase had no equal meaning with the source language and the equivalence seemed less natural, and 2% of the data were not accurate. Meanwhile, 93% of the data were readable because the translation was very easy to understand; 5% of the data were less readable because the translation was not very easy to understand, and 2% of the data were unreadable because the translation was difficult to understand. Furthermore, 92% of the data were acceptable because the translation sounds natural; the words, phrases, clauses, and sentences of the source text, 6% of data were less acceptable, and 2% of data were not acceptable. The dominant data of category shift are the structure shift which got the percentage of 56%, followed by intra-system shift 32%, class shift 8%, and unit shift 4 %.</p> Septi Dwi Alfani, Evert Haryanto Hilman Hilman, Nico Harared Harared Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5430 Wed, 27 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 MODEL OF PROJECT-BASED AND INTRAPERSONAL AND INTERPERSONAL COMPETENCES-INFUSED LEARNING IN WRITING CLASSES https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4582 <p>This study aims to analyze the employment of project-based learning and the accommodation of intrapersonal and interpersonal competences in the existing models of learning in writing classes of English Language Education Study Program. The data were the components of models of learning in five writing courses syllabuses of five different universities along with their teaching and learning activities. A qualitative research design was employed in conducting this study followed by document analysis and observation as the instruments. The result showed that the existing models of learning mostly employed Direct Instruction and Computer-Assisted Instruction which are supported by Behavioral Approach, and Reciprocal Teaching and Scaffolding which are supported by Cognitive Approach. The employment of Project-Based Learning and the accommodation of Intrapersonal &amp; Interpersonal Competences mostly occurred merely in the component of Technique; Teaching and Learning Activities. In employing Project-Based Learning, none of the universities employed Project Manager indicator. Also, in accommodating the Intrapersonal Competences, none of the universities put them to the first component of Approach: Course Description. Whereas the Interpersonal Competences were accommodated to all components of the existing models of learning.</p> Triesa Gina Astari, Ifan Iskandar, Ratna Dewanti Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4582 Wed, 27 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE TYPES OF POLITENESS STRATEGY IN “17 AGAIN” MOVIE SCRIPT: PRAGMATIC APPROACH https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4600 <p>Politeness strategy is a language phenomenon that is based on the form and purpose of each. Strategy is needed to deliver communication with meaning and purpose to be conveyed and interpreted properly. This study aimed to identify and analyze the politeness strategy used in the “17 Again” movie script. This study used a qualitative descriptive approach in research. The movie script of “17 Again” is used as a data source in this research. This research used Brown and Levinson theory about the types of politeness strategies. The results of the study found that there were 15 data politeness strategies found in the movie script, which were divided into: positive politeness (4), negative politeness (2), bald-on record (6), and off record (3). This research has significances which are theoretically and practically. This research theoretically is expected to contribute about future research in pragmatics especially for the types of politeness strategy. Practically this research is expected to be a comparison and support for future researchers.</p> Vira Safitri, Ambalegin Ambalegin Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4600 Wed, 27 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE FULFILLMENT OF MAIN CHARACTER'S DESIRE THROUGH DISTRUCTION ACTIONS IN JOKER MOVIE: PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5472 <p>This article represented the study of psychological to investigate the destruction as the main character’s desire fulfillment. Data source applied of this research from movie Joker released in 2019. This research applied theory concept psychology of three main major Lacan related the real, the imaginary and symbolic. Method applied in this research was descriptive analysis with librarian research as collecting data and deep interpretation with psychoanalysis approach as technique analysis data. From the analysis had been done the researchers find various phenomenon relevant with concept psychology of three main major Lacan in movie. The desire for perfection was conception in the desire for fulfilment of the real beginning from desire for created mother figure ideal because joker encounter phenomenon Joker’s mother was disease disorders. Joker also attached with problem financial become depressed in social life. Subject’s desire always felt lack bringing on process mirror for ideal life. Subject felt itself would be happy with laughs loud. Subject started did fulfilment desire with did destruction action as achievements on satisfaction with the level symbolic. This research explored the various efforts of the subject for fulfilment desire with did destruction actions.</p> Nico Jacksen Tampubolon, Tomi Arianto Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5472 Wed, 27 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 GENTLEMAN’S RESTRICTED CODES AND ELABORATED CODES IN THE “KINGSMAN: THE GOLDEN CIRCLE” MOVIE https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5467 <p>The present study aims to analyse the content of the Kingsman: The Golden Circle movie (2017). The use of restricted codes and elaborated code by the main character Gary ‘Eggsy’ Unwin in the movie and how they convey the concept of English gentleman was investigated by applying the descriptive qualitative method. The movie script and the scenes in the movie were the data that were being analysed. Data were collected through observation using a non-participatory technique. The data were analysed using the Barthesian semiotic analysis method. It was found that there were seven types of restricted codes namely secrecy, intimacy, novelty, jocularity, sympathy, expressiveness, and nominative. While the use of elaborated code was found in the forms of verbal and non-verbal communications. The findings in this research showed that the main character employed the restricted codes and the elaborated codes to express proximity and to convey the idea of the new English gentleman of the 21<sup>st</sup> century.</p> Toar Dayan Domisianus, Ouda Teda Ena Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5467 Wed, 27 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ONOMATOPOEIA IN MOVIE HOW TO TRAIN YOUR DRAGON: SEMIOTIC APPROACH https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5438 <p>There were so many movies that using onomatopoeia in their script. Onomatopoeia was when the sound of a word imitated what the word referred to. One of those movies was How To Train Your Dragon. Moreover. Words can be categorized as onomatopoeia if it fulfilled a certain condition and divided into three types of onomatopoeia. However there were types of sound that explained the processes and sources of that sound of words. Because of that, this study wanted to analyze those two topics from the aspect of the references to the meaning of the signs. The data were collected and analyzed in five steps: 1) downloading the movie script from <em>fandom.com</em>, 2) transcribing in table of analysis, 3) analyzing the semiotic aspects of onomatopoeia using Peircian model and 4) classifying their types using Bredin’s theory and then 5) analyzing the process of onomatopoeia using semantic extension. This research found twenty one onomatopoeia that consist of thirteen direct onomatopoeia, six associative, and two exemplary. Also, the researcher have been gathered the type of sound. They were two voice – human, six voices – non-human, and twenty three noises, or sound produced by non-living this. Using these theories, onomatopoeic words can be further classified and analyzed both types and process, and these findings are expected to help the investigation of language analysis especially in analyzing onomatopoeia.</p> Wahyu Uli Afriqur Ramadhan; Muhammad Hafiz Kurniawan Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5438 Wed, 27 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE INTERPLAY OF PERSONALITY FACTORS AND LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGIES IN DEVELOPING SPEAKING SKILL https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5474 <p>Speaking skill was one of essential parts in language learning and needed to be mastered by every student for a better foreign language communication. The aims of this research were (1) to find out the language learning strategies used by the students based on their personality factors (2) to observe the extent to which the personality factors and language learning strategies correlate with speaking skill, (3) to elaborate the interplay of personality factors and language learning strategies in developing students’ speaking skill. 25 students in the fourth semester of 2015/2016 class of English Education Department at Sekolah Tinggi Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan (STKIP) Muhammadiyah Bone were selected by purposive sampling. The research employed mixed method of descriptive quantitative (correlation) and descriptive qualitative analysis. Quantitative data were collected first from questionnaires and speaking test and qualitative data from interview. The results of the research indicated that most of extrovert students prefer to use indirect learning strategies (69%) while introvert students prefer to use direct learning strategies (89%). The correlation of personality factors and speaking skills was low (r=0.08), whereas the correlation of language learning strategies and speaking skill was strong (r=0.6). Therefore, the interplay of personality factors and language learning strategies showed that personality factors contribute to important roles in choosing the appropriate language learning strategies in developing speaking skill.</p> Andi Asrawaty, Bulqia Mas'ud, Nurul Imansari Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5474 Wed, 27 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 INVESTIGATING EFL HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS' METACOGNITIVE AWARENESS IN WRITING https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5434 <p>Metacognitive awareness was beneficial when implemented in learning activities, especially in writing skills. This research was conducted to explore students’ metacognitive awareness in writing. The participants were 30 high school students. Metacognitive knowledge and regulation from Brown (1987) and Knospe (2018) were employed to get a report on students’ awareness in writing. Metacognitive knowledge is formed from declarative knowledge, procedural knowledge, and conditional knowledge, all of which consisted of planning, monitoring, and evaluating. A cross-sectional survey method was conducted to investigate the data collected. Questionnaires were used to collect the data, then analyzed partially using descriptive analysis, and reported in tables. The data displays that the declarative knowledge and task were respectively 35.1 % and 17.3%; procedural knowledge was 27.7 %; and, conditional knowledge was at 14.2%. Likewise, the results from Metacognitive regulation reported by senior high school students were planning 14.4%, monitoring 24%, and evaluating 11.1%, all of which are categorized at a low level of understanding. The result showed that high school students demonstrated a low level of metacognitive knowledge and regulation in writing descriptive text.</p> Yoannes Yuka Krisdianata; Paulus Kuswandono Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5434 Wed, 27 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 FEMALE REPRESENTATION IN SELECTED DISNEY RENAISSANCE STORIES https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5489 <p>The occurrence of disparities in society with female characters, Disney stories told about the existence of heroine characters in the Disney renaissance era. Disney stories had become part of a show culture that has evolved into the reproduction of gender roles. This study was conducted to find the female representation as a heroine depicted in the Disney renaissance as well as to analyze the reasons how Disney heroines struggle in claiming their equality as a woman in their society. This study was categorized into qualitative and descriptive research methods. Furthermore, this study used the theory of the renowned feminist existentialism by Simone de Beauvoir, one of the Feminist icons and Philosophers of existentialism, with her book; The Second Sex, Beauvoir represented the section of the independent woman; a woman could choose independence, which means continuing to carry out the process toward freedom without having the insight of a predetermined goal. Therefore, this study aimed to elaborate how the female representation as the women to fight their equality to their desire for freedom. Thus, the heroine character was expected to be able to contribute to society in terms of gender awareness, including women.</p> Resneri Daulay, Helmatun Fauza Ulfah Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/5489 Wed, 27 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 RELIGIOSITY OF THE MALAY BATUBARA TROUGH ANTHROPOLOGICAL AND HISTORICAL APPROACH https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4497 <p>This research is talked about the Islamic Religious Discourse of Malay Batu Bara. In this case, the researchers took the historic sites in Batu Bara as a support in the Islamic religion of Malay Batu Bara. Background with many historic sites Batu Bara which is considered by some people to have high noble values and touched to religious part of the community and make researcher interested to explore this anthropology history approach which found the contribution about various aspects of human life, society and culture but also showed the procedure, technique and process. That is systematically arranged in disciplinary research to develop knowledge and obtain the object study. To implement this research the writer uses the methodology with a qualitative approach which results in descriptive data and the object under study is the Islamic religious of Malay Batu Bara. In collecting data researchers use the power of primary and secondary data. In analyzing the data researchers use data reduction, data presentation, and concluding that do data verification. Then in the validity of the data the researcher uses the degree of trustworthiness, dependability, and certainty. In the scientific , researchers use anthropology history. Researchers found many historic sites in Batu Bara which are very close. They are Kubah Datok Batu Bara, Sumur Istana Niat Lima Laras and Meriam Bogak. From the three historic sites, the researcher found a theoretical component from religion as said by C.Y.Glock and R. Stark that is the dimension of faith, dimension ritualistic, dimension experiential, dimension consequential, and dimension intellectual. Besides that researchers also found religious Malay Batu Bara community also influenced by beliefs in occult things such as witchcraft, rituals rejecting reinforcements, sea spells, and also related to beliefs in traditions or customs such as abstinence forbids, tapai party and balimau bathing.</p> Cecep Maulana, Iin Almeina Loebis Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/4497 Wed, 27 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000