JURNAL BASIS https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>BASIS: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Basis: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris</strong> (e-ISSN : 2527- 8835, p-ISSN : 2406 – 9809) in our webstite link http://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis) is a peer-reviewed journal published biannually by the English Literature Department, Putera Batam University, Kepulauan Riau- Indonesia. The journal publishes research papers in the field of linguistics, literature, and language teaching, such as the Feminist approach in the literature, Sociological approach, Postcolonialism, Structuralism, and Post-structuralism, Popular literature, fundamental of ELT, the sound of word of language, structure, meaning, language and gender, sociolinguistic, language philosophy, historical of linguistic, origin/evolution, experimental linguistics, phonology, syntax, endangered minority language, language and nature, communicative strategy of teaching, linguistic anthropology, psychology of language, field methods in linguistic, interactive of language teaching. This journal is an open-access journal which means that all content is freely available access without any charge. Everyone is allowed to read, download, copy, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.</p> en-US <p><img src="/public/site/images/jurnalbasis/logo_basis.jpg" alt=""></p> nurmadhona@puterabatam.ac.id (Nurma Dhona Handayani, S.Pd., M.Pd) Zia.Hisni@puterabatam.ac.id (Zia Hisni Mubarak, S.Pd.,M.Pd) Tue, 30 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 THE USE OF TRANSLANGUAGING IN PRAGMATICS CLASS AT STKIP PGRI SIDOARJO https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/8204 <p><strong><em>Abstract</em></strong></p> <p>This research focused on exploring the usefulness of translanguaging used by pragmatics lecturers in teaching and English learning in EFL classroom at STKIP PGRI Sidoarjo. The grand theory used in this research was translanguaging conception by Cen Williams (1980s). This type of research was qualitative approach using observation. The data of this research were fragmented statements taken from voice recordings and notes concluded by the researcher. The data source was supporting data in the form of visual documents taken from observations, interviews, and documents non-visual taken from the documentation. Data collection techniques in this study were observation, interviews, sound recording and documentation. The data analysis technique in this study was thematic analysis. Based on the analysis, there were 2 findings from the perspective translanguaging practice in English as a Foreign Language class. First, the research results reveal that using Mixed languages ​​keep EFL students motivated to learn languages English better and to be able to achieve their dreams. Second, the results of further research reveal that the use translanguaging makes it easier for lecturers to explain material to EFL students.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: <em>Translanguaging, EFL Learner, EFL Teacher, Pragmatics, Language Translation Practice</em></p> Kintan Kirana Yunmar, Yuliyanto Sabat, Yudy Prasetyo, Henry Rio Putranto Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/8204 Tue, 30 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 EXPRESSIVE SPEECH ACTS IN ELLEN’S TALK SHOW “ELLEN TAUGHT THIS FAN HOW TO SPEAK ENGLISH” https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/8289 <p><strong><em>Abstract</em></strong></p> <p>This study focuses on analyzing the expressive speech act used as conversational strategy in Ellen’s Talk Show. The strategies used are direct speech and indirect speech. The purpose of this study is to classify and to investigate the language functions of expressive speech as conversational strategy occurred in Ellen talk show entitled “Ellen Taught this Fan How to Speak English.” This study uses a qualitative method with descriptive approach in analyzing data. This study applied the theory from Searle and Vanderveken (1985) related to the type of expressive speech act. The data source is taken from a conversation between Diana Aquino as their guest and Ellen as the host. This study is a document or content analysis because the data used is from the internet and was previously posted. The technique of data analysis which the researcher used is the interactive model of Miles and Huberman for data analysis, which consisted of three steps, namely data reduction, data display, and conclusion drawing/verification. The data instrument used is utterances found in Ellen talk show. The results found 8 types of expressive language occurred involves greeting, thanking, complimenting, praising, apologizing, protesting, boasting, and complaining.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: <em>Expressive Language, Expressive Speech Act, Ellen Talk Show, Conversation’s Strategy</em></p> Syafika Nur Malasari; Aliva Rosdiana Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/8289 Tue, 30 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 RACE, MILIEU, AND MOMENT IN GONE WITH THE WIND BY MARGARET MITCHELL https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/8180 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>The purpose of creating this research is to reveal race, milieu, and moment in the novel “Gone with the Wind” written by Margaret Mitchell. In this research, researchers focused on applying historical approach by Hippolyte Adolphe Taine in Guerin et al. (2005) that consists race, milieu and moment to analyze “Gone with the Wind” novel as the data source. Besides applying the theory, descriptive qualitative research by Sugiyono (2012) was also applied by researchers due to the phenomena that were found in written form. To collect the data, researchers applied library research method by George (2008) by following four steps, they are: took “Gone with the Wind” novel as the data source, read the novel carefully, find the race, milieu, and moment, and collect and divide the data found. In analyzing the data, researchers focused on analyzing the extrinsic element explained by Wellek &amp; Warren (1949) by applying race, milieu, and moment theory and presented them descriptively. For the findings, researcher found the race or racial differences on the skin color and their nationality in United States of America on North Georgia, in the Old South region. The milieu was discovered in the character’s occupation where they worked as businessman, plantation owner, breeding farm owner, student, farmer, soldier, maid, horse coachman, doctor, and prostitute. In addition, researchers also found the moment in the incident of Civil War and the slavery.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong><em>Historical approach, Racial Differences, Slavery.</em></p> Wel Son, Robby Satria Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/8180 Tue, 30 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 LEXICAL COHESION ANALYSIS OF DONALD TRUMP’S SCRIPT SPEECH https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/8182 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This study has target to find lexical cohesion in the text of a speech delivered by a controversial president, Donald Trump. The researcher also reveals several reasons why the writing problem is on lexical cohesion where cohesive devices play an important role in shaping a speech and the use of language that is organized and easily understood by others in delivering a speech will have an impact on communication that goes well, so as to avoid misunderstandings between speakers and listeners. Therefore, the method used in this research is qualitative and this descriptive qualitative research also used observational method and note taking technique. In supporting data collection techniques, researchers use the theory of Creswell (2018) and also support by Merriam &amp;Tisdell (2016) .The next by Litosseliti (2010). The lexical cohesion proposed by Matthienssen &amp; Halliday, (2014) has several types of lexical cohesion consist of repetition, synonymy, antonymy, hyponymy, and meronymy. For the results of data analysis, there are 50 repetitions then 1 hyponymy then 1 meronym, 2 synonyms, and finally 1 antonym.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: <em>Speech Script, Cohesion, Lexical cohesion, Qualitative</em></p> Elperinda Silaen, Afriana Afriana Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/8182 Tue, 30 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 SEPARATION, INITIATION, AND RETURN IN THE PRISONER OF ZENDA NOVEL BY ANTHONY HOPE https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/8198 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This research aims to identify the phases of the hero patterns in “The Prisoner of Zenda” a novel written by Anthony Hope experienced by the main character as the hero. Campbell (2004) mentioned that the pattern is prominent in heroic fiction referred to as monomyth. This research uses a descriptive qualitative design to examine the intricacies of the analysis method by Ratna (2004) the method of library research was employed to gather the data, and the method of descriptive analysis by Ratna (2004) was used to analyze the data. This research was made to fulfill phases of hero patterns Separation, Initiation, and Return. The result of the research Rudolf Rassendyll as the hero has passed 15 stages of hero's patterns based on Campbell's theory only Woman as a temptress and The Magic Flight no found in The Prisoners of Zenda. The stages of the hero's patterns have the function of uncovering the quest that the hero wants to reach. This leads to the conclusion that hero’s patterns often follow the same pattern as theorized and mentioned in the theory of Joseph Campbell.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong><em>Heroism, Hero Patterns, Separation, Initiation, Return, Preliminary Analysis</em></p> Zainul Syaidin Azri Hrp, Robby Satria Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/8198 Tue, 30 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 CONSUMMATE LOVE VALUED BY STERNBERG’S TRIANGULAR OF LOVE REFLECTED IN “SUNRISE IN HEAVEN” (2019) MOVIE: PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/8290 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This study aims to explain and analyze the phenomenon of love proposed by an expert Robert J Sternberg to the main characters in the film Sunrise in Heaven (2019). This research is a type of qualitative descriptive research, and the data source taken is the film Sunrise in Heaven (2019). This film is based on Jan Hurst's true-story novel entitled "His Sunrise, My Sunset," which she wrote herself. This story tells about Jan Nichols' love journey with her husband, Steve Hurst. The researcher found that the love story of the main characters, Steve and Jan, reflects the type of consummate love created by Robert J. Sternberg. Steve and Jan were able to represent the elements of Passion, Intimacy, and Decision/Commitment in their love journey. A love story that at first was not approved by Jan’s father, but with the strength of their love, they can prove that their love is eternal until they are parted by death.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> <em>Consummate love, Decision/Commitment, Intimacy, Passion, Triangular theory of love</em></p> Galuh Virginia Elhamsyah, Gaguk Rudianto Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/8290 Tue, 30 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 ANALYSIS LEXICAL COHESION IN WRITTEN BY BARACK OBAMA https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/8183 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>In this modern era, many people use written and unwritten language communication tools. Therefore, language has various types in its use, one of which is lexicon cohesion. The purpose of this study, thus researchers and readers are more familiar with what lexicon is, the types and can understand more. In this study, the researchers analysed the type of lexicon cohesion, namely repetition, synonym, antonym, meronym, and hyponym using a data search from written text when the 44th President of the United States, Barack Obama made a speech. Then, researchers used the theory of Halliday and Matthiessen. The method used is the observation technique. Where the researcher collects data by reading the entire text, then the highlighted the data in the form of text related to phenomena and analysing data according to the category. The data presented is in qualitative form. Where the data is presented in the form of sentences that are not in the form of numbers, percentage, or graph. In this study, researchers read, interpret data according to theory and calculate the results obtained. The results obtained are repetition data 2, synonym 6 data, Antonym 4 data, Meronym 5 data and Hyponym data 2. The highest data is obtained with synonyms, where the writing has many synonym meanings, and the lowest is the use of repetition.</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong> <em>Lexical Cohesion, Repetition, Synonym, Antonym, Meronym, Hyponym</em></p> Ibadadilah Sheni, Robby Satria Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL BASIS https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=wxzwHfAAAAAJ&hl=id&authuser=3 https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/8183 Tue, 30 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000