Symbolic Violence against Subordinated Women in Fredrick Backman’s Beartown
Keywords:Beartown, Bourdieu, Feminist, Symbolic Violence
This research identified form of symbolic violence in Beartown novel written by Fredrik Backman. The novel displays a social phenomenon where social ideas and expectation constraint women’s life. Symbolic violence helps explaining the phenomenon by looking on how dominant people imposed their view over women for granted. In analyzing the object, the research is equipped with Bourdieu’s theory of symbolic violence. The research is designed in qualitative framework which allows an analysis of interactive variables. In collecting the data, the research applied close reading to the novel. Then, the data is analyzed with latent content analysis. The research found that symbolic violence is exerted mostly through censorship and then euphemism. On censorship, the community preserved desirable view from referring to biased psychological assumption, enforcing dominant view in social, limiting the women’s role, and limiting inclusion of women in sport. On euphemism, symbolic violence is rendered as gentle through gift-debt, familiarity, hospitality, concern, worries, obligation, confidence, and jokes. There is two interesting findings in the analysis. Both forms imposed dominant values which subordinated women in social, education, and sport fields. The second finding is the implication of censorship as frequent used. It displays and confirms the community’s attitude as defensive and protective towards threat on their dominance; including their dominant view
Backman, F. (2017). Beartown (N. Smith (trans.)). Atria Books.
Bourdieu, P. (1991). Language and symbolic power (J. B. Thompson (ed.); G. Raymond & M. Adamson (trans.); 7th ed.). Polity Press.
Bourdieu, P. (1998). Practical reason: On the theory of action (R. Johnson (trans.); 1st ed.). Stanford University Press.
Bourdieu, P. (1999). The weight of the world: Social suffering in contemporary society (P. P. Ferguson (trans.)). Stanford University Press.
Bourdieu, P. (2001). Masculine domination (R. Nice (trans.); 1st ed.). Stanford University Press.
Bourdieu, P. (2013). Outline of a theory of practice (E. Gellner, J. Goody, S. Gudeman, M. Herzfeld, & J. Parry (eds.); R. Nice (trans.)). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511812507
Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2018). Research design qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (5th ed.). SAGE Publications, Inc.
Daria, Z. (2019). Pragmatic potential of emotional utterances in literary texts. SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 3(3), 89–99. https://doi.org/10.25136/1339-3057.2019.3.29413
Darwis, A. N. A. (2021). Symbolic violence analysis in novel A Thousand Splendid Suns by Khaled Hosseini (Pierre Bourdieu’s perspective). Kibas Cenderawasih, 18(1), 83–99. https://doi.org/10.26499/kc.v18i1.297
Dobie, A. B. (2012). Theory into practice: An introduction to literary criticism (3rd ed.). Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Flick, U. (2014). The SAGE handbook of qualitative data analysis. In The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Data Analysis. SAGE Publications, Inc. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781446282243
Jenkins, R. (2006). Pierre Bourdieu (Key sociologist) (2nd ed.).
Maton, K. (2014). Habitus. In M. Grenfell (Ed.), Pierre Bourdieu: Key concepts (2nd ed., pp. 48–64). Routledge.
Moi, T. (1991). Appropriating Bourdieu: Feminist theory and Pierre Bourdieu’s Sociology of culture. New Literary History, 22(4), 1017–1049.
Moi, T. (2001). What is a woman?: And other essays. Oxford University Press.
Moore, R. (2014). Capital. In M. Grenfell (Ed.), Pierre Bourdieu: Key concepts (2nd ed., pp. 89–113). Routledge.
Rapoport, H. (2011). The literary theory toolkit: A compendium of concepts and methods (1st ed.). Blackwell Publishing.
Speller, J. R. W. (2011). Bourdieu and literature. Open Book Publishers. https://doi.org/10.11647/obp.0027
Thomson, P. (2014). Field. In M. Grenfell (Ed.), Pierre Bourdieu: Key concepts (2nd ed., pp. 65–82). Routledge.
Copyright (c) 2022 Prosiding Seminar Nasional Ilmu Sosial dan Teknologi (SNISTEK)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.