• Anggihat Prasetyoaji Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta


This research’s content is the analysis of biography texts about Elon Musk taken from four websites by combining SFL’s transitivity and Leeuwen’s social actor representation approach. The aims of this research are (1) to find the portrayal patterns of the social actor using social actor approach, (2) to find the linguistic evidences of the patterns using transitivity, (3) to explain the portrayal of the social actor based on the patterns found, and (4) to compare the results with the context and genre of biography. This research is categorized as a descriptive-qualitative research by using transitivity and Leeuwen’s social actor approach. Spradely’s method of domain, taxonomy, componential, and cultural context analysis is used to collect and analyze the data. The data sources for this research are four biography texts about Elon Musk taken from Britannica, BBC, Business Insider, and Investopedia. The research produced several results as follows: (1) various social actor representation patterns are used by the writer to convey their intention and stance in relation with the social actor, (2) the processes contained in the texts are identified by using transitivity, thus providing linguistic evidences, (3) representation patterns that are the most consistently occurring are: activation, passivation (subjection and beneficialization), determination, nomination, functionalisation, and instrumentalisation. These patterns can be deduced as the obligatory patterns in biography texts, and (4) the texts analyzed are relevant with the qualities of a biography text.


Almurashi, W. A. (2016). An Introduction to Halliday’s Systemic Functional Linguistics. Journal for the Study of English Linguistics. 4(1), 70–80.
Amir, S. (2007). Symbolic Power in a Technocratic Regime: The Reign of B.J. Habibie in New Order Indonesia. Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia, 22(1), 83-106.
Darani, L. H. (2014). Persuasive style and its realization through transitivity analysis: A SFL perspective. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 10(2), 179 – 186. DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.12.066
Dijk, T. A. (2001). Critical Discourse Analysis. In D. Schiffrin, D. Tannen, & H. E. Hamilton (Eds.), The Handbook of Discourse Analysis (pp. 352-371). Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers.
Halliday, M. (2014). Halliday’s Introduction to Functional Grammar (4th ed.). London: Routledge.
Kheirabadi, R., & Moghaddam, S. B. (2012). The Linguistic Representation of Iranian and Western Actors of Iran‘s Nuclear Program in International Media: A CDA Study. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, IJSCL. 2(1), 16-33. article/view/932
KhosraviNik, M. (2010). The representation of refugees, asylum seekers: A critical discourse analysis. Journal of Language and Politics, 5(1), 1-28.
Kristina, D., Ardi, H., Prananta, A. Y., & Purnomo, S. L. (2017). Analisis Wacana Kritis. Surakarta: UNSPress.
Leeuwen, T. (1995). Representing Social Action. Sage Journals, 6(1), 81–106.
Leeuwen, T. (2003). The Representation of Social Actors. In C. R. Caldas-Coulthard, & M. Coulthard (Eds.), Texts and Practices: Readings in Critical Discourse Analysis (pp. 32-70). London: Routledge.
Machin, D., & Mayr, A. (2013). Personalising Crime and Crime-fighting in Factual Television: An Analysis of Social Actors and Transitivity in Language and Images. Critical Discourse Studies. Critical Discourse Studies. 15(3), 356–372.
Matthiessen, C., & Halliday, M. A. (1997). Systemic Functional Grammar: A First Step into the Theory.
Rashidi, N., & Rasti, A. (2012). Doing (in) Justice to Iran's Nuke Activities? A critical Discourse Analysis of News Reports of Four Western Quality Newspapers. American Journal of Linguistics. 1(1), 1-9. DOI: 10.5923/j.linguistics.20120101.01
Santosa, R. (2017). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif Kebahasaan. Surakarta: UNS Press.
Wiratno, T. (2018). Pengantar Ringkas Linguistik Sistemik Fungsional. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
How to Cite
PRASETYOAJI, Anggihat. TRANSIVITY ON ELON MUSK’S ONLINE BIOGRAPHY:A SOCIAL ACTORS DISCOURSE ANALYSIS. JURNAL BASIS, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 1, p. 13-24, apr. 2020. ISSN 2527-8835. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 29 sep. 2020. doi:

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.