MODEL OF PROJECT-BASED AND INTRAPERSONAL AND INTERPERSONAL COMPETENCES-INFUSED LEARNING IN WRITING CLASSES
Keywords:Model of Learning, Project-Based Learning, Intrapersonal Competences, Interpersonal Competences, Writing, ELESP
This study aims to analyze the employment of project-based learning and the accommodation of intrapersonal and interpersonal competences in the existing models of learning in writing classes of English Language Education Study Program. The data were the components of models of learning in five writing courses syllabuses of five different universities along with their teaching and learning activities. A qualitative research design was employed in conducting this study followed by document analysis and observation as the instruments. The result showed that the existing models of learning mostly employed Direct Instruction and Computer-Assisted Instruction which are supported by Behavioral Approach, and Reciprocal Teaching and Scaffolding which are supported by Cognitive Approach. The employment of Project-Based Learning and the accommodation of Intrapersonal & Interpersonal Competences mostly occurred merely in the component of Technique; Teaching and Learning Activities. In employing Project-Based Learning, none of the universities employed Project Manager indicator. Also, in accommodating the Intrapersonal Competences, none of the universities put them to the first component of Approach: Course Description. Whereas the Interpersonal Competences were accommodated to all components of the existing models of learning.
Allison, Jason M. 2018. Project Based Learning to Promote 21St Century Skills: An Action Research Study. Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects. Paper 1530192564. http://dx.doi.org/10.25774/w4-m5xm-wc95
Boekaerts, M. (2016). Engagement as an inherent aspect of the learning process. Learning and Instruction, 43, 76–83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2016.02.001
Bowen, Glenn A., 2009, 'Document Analysis as a Qualitative Research Method', Qualitative Research Journal, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 27-40. DOI 10.3316/QRJ0902027.
Brown, H. D. (2001). Teaching by principles: An interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy (2nd ed.). Pearson Education.
Cambridge Univ. Press. (2001). Common European Framework of Reference for Languages Learning, Teaching, Assessment.
Casañ-Pitarch, R., & Calvo-Ferre, J. R. (2015). Developing writing skills in the classroom: A corpus-based analysis of multi-genre structures. Elsevier Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences , 1-10.
Cruickshank, D. R., Jenkins, D. B., & Metcalf, K. K. (2006). The Act of Teaching (4th ed.). McGraw-Hill.
Devkota, S. P., Giri, D. R., & Bagale, S. (2017). Developing 21 St Century Skills Through Project-Based Learning in EFL Context : Challenges and Opportunities. The Online Journal of New Horizons in Education, 1-6.
Evans, C. M. (2019). Student Outcomes from High-Quality Project-Based Learning: A Case Study for PBLWorks. National Center for the Improvement of Educational Assessment.
Harmer, J. (2007). The Practice of English Language Teaching (4th ed.). Pearson Education Limited/Longman.
Hyland, K: (2012). Genre Pedagogy: Language, Literacy and L2 Writing Instruction. Science Direct: Journal of Second Language Writing, 16, 148-164.
Joyce, B., Weil, M., & Calhoun, E. (2015). Models of teaching (9th ed.). Pearson Educación.
Koul, R. B., Sheffield, R., & McIlvenny, L. (2021). Developing communication skills in a Makerspace. Teaching 21st Century Skills, 119-135.
Laar, E. V., Deursen, A. J., Dijk, J. A., & Haan, J. D. (2017). The relation between 21st-century skills and digital skills: A systematic literature review. Computers in Human Behavior, 72, 577-588. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2017.03.010
Leat, D. (2017). Why we need enquiry and project based learning. Enquiry and Project Based Learning, 1-27. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315763309-1
Mergendoller, J. R. (2018). Defining High Quality Pbl: A Look at the Research. High Quality Project Based Learning.
National Research Council. (2012). Education for Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century. Committee on Defining Deeper Learning and 21st Century Skills, J.W. Pellegrino and M.L. Hilton, Editors. Board on Testing and Assessment and Board on Science Education, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (2017). Supporting Students’ College Success: The Role of Assessment of Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Competencies. Washington D.C.: National Academic Press.
Direktoral Jendral Pendidikan Tinggi Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. (2020). Panduan Penyusunan Kurikulum Pendidikan Tinggi di Era Industri 4.0 untuk Mendukung Merdeka Belajar - Kampus Merdeka.
Praba, L. T., Artini, L. P., & Ramendra, D. P. (2018). Project-based learning and writing skill in EFL: are they related? SHS Web of Conferences 42, 00059, 1-6.
Ribeiro, Molin M. H., Silva, R. G., Moreno, S. R., Mariani, V. C., & SantosCoelho, L. d. (2021). Efficient bootstrap stacking ensemble learning model applied to wind power generation forecasting. International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems.
Scott, Cynthia L. (2015). The Futures of Learning 1: Why must learning content and methods change in the 21st century? UNESCO Education Research and Foresight: Paris.
Stanley, T. (2021). The importance of 21st-century skills. Authentic Learning, 17–28. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003233152-3
Stehle, S. M., & Peters-Burton, E. E. (2019). Developing student 21st Century skills in selected exemplary inclusive STEM High Schools. International Journal of STEM Education, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-019-0192-1
Essien, A. M. (2018). The effects of project-based learning on students’ English language ability (pp. 438–443). The 2018 International Academic Research Conference, Vienna.
UNESCO. (2018). Reviewing Life and Work Skills For Youth in Lebanon. Welfare Associations for Research & Development.
Veinberg, S. (2019). The attitude of digital natives towards intrapersonal communication. 855-863. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2019.04.02.106
Warin, B., Talbi, O., Kolski, C., & Hoogstoel, F. (2016). Multi-role project (MRP): A new
project-based learning method for STEM. IEEE Transactions on Education, 59(2), 137–146. https://doi.org/10.1109/TE.2015.2462809
Yunita, W. (2015). Incorporating Project-Based Learning (Pbl) Into A University Speaking Classroom: Why And How?. JURNAL BASIS, 2(1), 50-59. https://ejournal.upbatam.ac.id/index.php/basis/article/view/2920